Brief summary: Russian laws for civilians
- No handguns, no full-auto. Very rare exception -- retired
high-rank officers guns given in reward, usually such guns carry rich
engraving and golden plates with officer name, congratulations, etc; it's
only exception when civilian given license for the rest of life;
- Anything designed with intentions to make a weapon is a weapon. E.g.
iron rod from the nearest dump is not a weapon, but if you'll wrap one
end with duct tape to make a handle, you'll make a weapon. Very fishy;
- In fact, any tool able to obtain projectile energy more than
7,5 joules and caliber more than 4,5 mm counts as a firearm.
Law on Weapons says "and" in the phrase about limitations on the muzzle
energy and caliber, so in theory it's possible to design a 4 mm pneumatic
gun with muzzle energy more than 7,5 joules, but another place in the
law states: anything with muzzle energy more than 25 joules counts as firearm.
Currently these rules about airguns are not strictly enforced. Sometimes I
see "Diana", "Hunter" and other powerful airguns in gunshops. Alas, their
price is far out of my reach :(
- There are a lot of gas handguns, these silly and poor quality firearms
with blade inside the barrel and tear gas ammunition. Mainly useless, because
CS is too weak against drunk and half-drunk goblins. Some people believe in
the "psychological" effect. Yeah. Require license, like license for hunting
weapon. Loading anything except tear gas ammunition is prohibited (though
some guys load salt or some small lead balls into blanks -- it's illegal
and leads to losing license and serious troubles with law). License must
be renewed every 5 years. Total expenses to obtain the license are around $80.
Also, our law allows self-defense. That means if you'll draw a
gas gun and will try to scare away crooks, they'll have a big chance to
kill you ('cause these gas guns are weak) and get away with it in the court
(you'll be unable to prove that you were defending party). That's why I
carry UDAR and 4-cell Mag-Lite;
- Shotguns and rifles available, but you need a license to buy and keep
them. License can be obtained (if you don't have any criminal records)
without problems, except price. This hobby eats hoards of money. But all
weapons must be kept in the safe with gun and cartriges apart, and you can
transport them only in the disassembled condition, so they are useless as
tools of self-defense. Ugh. Well, there is a hole in the law :) "Saiga"
shotguns (AK-like .410 and 20 ga) are "disassembled" when you remove magazine.
So you can drop "Saiga" on the seat and hide magazines in the pocket.
Everything is ok and you can always insert magazine pretty quickly. But
transporting hunting weapons when season is closed is difficult and can
put you in the trouble. Self-defense is not an excuse when it comes
to firearms outside your home! Note, that you can keep shotgun at home
for self-defense, but only on your own property, i.e. only in your flat.
Steel entrace door and outer grating on windows protects better than
License must be renewed every 5 years;
- Tear gas and pepper spray are legal without any licenses;
- Tasers and anything powered with electricity are prohibited, unless
made in Russia. Our stun guns are lousy. Really. They are limited to
max 60,000V and 1,5 joules (these numbers are not exact);
- Rumor: Handcuffs requre license, obtainable only by
security companies, etc; I saw some handcuffs available in the shop,
but they were too crappy to hold a strong man. Fishy area;
- Any bludgeoning weapon is a big no-no for civilian. There is a
special entry in the Law on Weapons prohibiting any bludgeoning weapon;
- Airguns outside of sport building or range are prohibited if their
muzzle energy is more than 7,5 joules and caliber > 4.5mm, otherwise
they doesn't require license. Hunting with airguns prohibited completely.
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Last modified: Friday, 01-Mar-2019 17:32:02